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  • Becky Sur (G5) Junggye Branch

History of the Korean War

Do you know the history of North and South Korea? The history of North and South Korea has a lot of interesting facts. I have the most important information about North and South Korea’s history. You will find out why the Korean War started, who won the war, and what kind of relationship North and South Korea have.

Why did the Korean War start? At the end of World War II, the Soviet Union and the United States liberated Korea from Japan on August 15, 1945. When Korea was trying to form its government, North Korea wanted a communist state and South Korea wanted a democratic state. Eventually, the Korean War began on June 25, 1950 when North Korea invaded South Korea.

Who won the war? The North Korean military was supported by the Soviet Union and China. Also, the South Korean military was supported by the United States of America. For three years, Seoul was controlled four times by both sides with a lot of battles, and finally both sides declared a ceasefire on July 27 when the Korean Armistice Agreement was signed. The agreement created the Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) to separate North and South Korea.

South and North Korea’s relationship had ups and downs. North Korea cooperated with South Korea to form a joint sports team, such as ice hockey and basketball. But North Korea developed weapons and conducted missile tests. So North and South Korea have some bad relationships. In April of 2018, the leaders of North and South Korea met at the DMZ and tried to come to an agreement to work toward a treaty to formally end the Korean War. Disappointingly, it has not come true.

Nowadays, a lot of Koreans are having a hard time because of the Korean War. Some families got separated and couldn’t meet each other for 70 years. A lot of people are hoping Korea could be united again peacefully. Even if Koreans’ dream has not become true for 70 years, they are all trying their best to make their dream come true.

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